W elcome! In this short guide, we share some insights and tips for designing maps. Our goal is to cover important concepts in cartography and flag the important decision points in the map-making process. There isn't always a single best answer in cartography, and in those cases we've tried to outline some of the pros and cons to different solutions.
This is by no means a replacement for a full textbook on cartography; rather it is a quick reference guide for those moments when you're stumped, unsure of what to do next, or unfamiliar with the terminology. While the recommendations on these pages are short and not loaded with academic references, please appreciate that they represent a thoughtful synthesis of decades of map-making research.
This guide is maintained by Axis Maps, originally adapted from documentation written for indiemapper. However, the content here is about general cartography principles, not software-specific tips. For more hands-on technical advice, visit some of the lists mentioned at the top of our resources page.
General Map Making Topics
- What is a map?
- Map Design
- Visual Hierarchy
- Visual Variables
- Using Colors on Maps
- Scale and Generalization
- Map Projections
- Labeling and text hierarchy in cartography
- Map Design Resources
Univariate Thematic Map Types
Multivariate Thematic Map Types
- Univariate Maps Versus Multivariate Maps
- Bivariate Choropleth
- Bivariate Proportional Symbols
- Bivariate Cartograms
- Value-By-Alpha Maps
Web and Interactive Maps
More resources on map design
Want to dig depper? See this list of further map design resources for links to additional articles, tutorials, textbooks, tools, and more.